Fire Suppression Systems are necessary in many oilfield operations that have potential for fire breakout. Harsh environments and remote locations add to that potential risk. To manage this risk, standby or permanent suppression systems are available for use.
Chose the right type of fire suppression by considering several distinguishing differences. This includes the type of operation, as shown below in a list of examples.
- drilling operations
- fracking operations
- oil pumping stations
- refinery development and operation
- gasoline storage tanks
- compressor stations
- gas processing plants
- LNG receiving facilities
These operations along with other factors related to the work site further determine which system is required. That is to say, that even though all systems are designed to extinguish, control, or prevent fires from spreading or occurring, not all will work on every worksite. To clarify, each site’s own circumstances will determine which to use. Let’s look at some examples of those circumstances.
- what chemicals are present?
- is water available?
- what resources are available to assist?
- what equipment and assets are in need of protecting?
- are people in need of first aid?
In conclusion, because of these factors and unique circumstances, only careful consideration and expertise will determine which system to use in each situation. Below is a list of the most common ones used in the oilfield. But, remember, not all systems work in all circumstances.
Gas Suppression Systems
Gas suppression systems contain liquid nitrogen to suppress fires. That is to say, that when a fire is detected, gas is released to out it out. This gas is kept under pressure using the FM200 chemical agent which reacts with the flames to extinguish them. Consequently, this method is helpful in protecting small spaces that can’t sustain water damage. Some examples include electrical rooms, data rooms, and communication rooms.
Foam Deluge Suppression Systems
Foam deluge suppression systems require chemical suppression methods versus water or gas assisted suppression. These methods are commonly used to fight fires that occur near transformers, oil tanks, and oil storage silos. That’s because water and gas systems could do more harm than good. These systems disperse a foam concentrate mixed with water which is less likely to damage to important equipment. More importantly, the sprinkler systems used to disperse the compound is much more able to cover a large area faster than other systems.
Reaction Tube Systems
Reaction tube suppression systems use valve-based extinguishers that consist of a reaction tube and a detector. This works by the reaction tube blowing a small hole in the rubber, releasing the reactive agent directly onto the fire. Consequently, this reaction makes it a very popular method for small fires and when minimum damage to equipment is necessary.
Chemical Foam Systems
Chemical foam suppression systems use chemicals like potassium carbonate to extinguish fires near edible items. This is why restaurants and such use these systems extensively to keep the food and workers safe while putting the fire out. Further to that benefit, they also are very reliable thanks to the nozzles designed to automatically propel a water-based chemical foam from under cooker canopies when a fire is detected. Moreover, the foam doesn’t cause water damage to important equipment and electronics.
Water Sprinkler Systems
The most common type of fire suppression system is the water sprinkler system. These systems are popular thanks to the abundance and safety of water. Because of its popularity, the water system has advanced significantly thanks to technology. Those advancements include automatic triggering through detection of heat and smoke. Consequently, this increases the odds of suppressing the fire before too much damage has occurred. But remember, water is only a solution when the fire doesn’t involve circumstances that would prevent using it such as water damage prevention or the presence of certain compounds.
Mud Creek Medics Fire Suppression
Our medical standby fleet includes Fire Suppression services and vehicles with numerous features and safeguards. Those include the following.
- Automated water heating and circulating pumps prevent freeze up and ensure correct shower water temperatures
- Grey water bladder system prevent ground contamination
- Extra SCBA bottles on board support growing emergency situations
- Large capacity Foam Tank aids in suppression
- Three (3) Encon Showers and Eye Wash Stations rated at 20 GPM regulated to 50 PSI provide medical response
- Location of control mounts allow for versatile lease placement
- Experienced and NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) certified firefighters provide skilled, experienced support
Our standby emergency fire suppression vehicles include both fire truck capability, emergency response and a shower unit. Fortunately, the firefighting equipment and shower facilities are two separate compartments. This helps to address each need separately, but at the same time. Additionally, the shower facilities contain a first aid recovery station. That’s because first aid is also a separate requirement in need of a separate space.
So, when in need of high quality support, reliable standby service and top of the line equipment, we are a solid choice.